Medulloblastoma

cerebellum
Cerebellum (purple)

Each year around 22,000 new cases of brain or spinal cord cancer are in the United States. 1 Regarding cancers of the brain, there are several different types of the disease, which arise from a variety of calls that are found in the brain.

Tumors that start in the neuroectodermal cells in the cerebellum are referred to as medulloblastomas. This particular type of tumor belongs to a class of tumors called primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs), which occur more often in children than adults. These are highly malignant, fast-growing tumors that spread by the cerebrospinal fluid pathway.

Medulloblastomas are typically treated with one or more of the following treatment options:

Surgery
The first-line treatment for this form of brain cancer is surgery to remove as much of the tumor as possible.
Radiation Therapy
Following surgery, medulloblastomas are usually treated with high doses of radiation directed to the area where the cancer originated. Since these tumors tend to spread through the cerebrospinal fluid, lower doses of radiation may be given to the entire brain as well as the spinal cord in order to kill any remaining cancer cells.
Chemotherapy
Treatment with chemotherapy usually takes place following radiation therapy. However, if a medulloblastoma is diagnosed in a child under the age of three, chemotherapy is typically given first as little radiation as possible is used on children.

References

  1. American Cancer Society. Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults Detailed Guide. Accessed on November 10, 2010.

 

The information provided on CancerTreatment.net is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her health professional. This information is solely for informational purposes and does not constitute the practice of medicine. We encourage all visitors to see a licensed physician or nutritionist if they have any concerns regarding health issues related to diet, personal image and any other topics discussed on this site. Neither the owners or employees of CancerTreatment.net nor the author(s) of site content take responsibility for any possible consequences from any treatment, procedure, exercise, dietary modification, action or application of medication which results from reading this site. Always speak with your primary health care provider before engaging in any form of self treatment. Please see our Legal Statement for further information.